Drug testing athletes for steroids

While some athletes take anabolic steroids to gain a physical edge over their competitors, they faced serious side effects. Steroids have shown to increase cholesterol, raise blood pressure, and cause liver damage with prolonged use. The physical structure of the heart can also be altered by a thickening of the left ventricle, which can lead to hypertension and congestive heart failure. For men specifically , steroid use can cause breast growth, decrease sexual function, and temporarily shrink testicles due to a lack of sperm production. For teenagers who are still growing, steroids can cause stunted skeletal growth. In addition to all of the physical side effects, there are a myriad of psychiatric issues that have been attributed to steroid use as well.

For some types of testing, such as workplace testing of federal employees, there are many regulations that cover the test from collection through interpretation and reporting of results. It is important for the ordering physician, law enforcement representative, forensic professional, government entity, insurance agent, employer, and sports organization as well as for the person being tested to understand what exactly is included in the testing, how it is done, and how the results may or may not be interpreted. This process is not nearly as simple or straightforward as collecting a sample and requesting "drug testing."

HAIR TESTS: An ominous new technology is hair testing, which is supposed to detect drug use for months, or however long one's hair has been growing (Skinheads note: samples can be taken from any part of the body!). While hair tests are highly sensitive to cocaine, their sensitivity to pot is not well established. Not all employers who use hair tests check for marijuana. Hair testing is racially biased against Africans, being much more sensitive to thick, dark hair than to light, fine hair. Although the FDA and scientific community have been critical of hair testing, that hasn't stopped employers from using it. Hair tests may be influenced by shampoo: one test found hair treated with Head & Shoulders® (Fine/Oily), Neutrogena®, and Rave® displayed lower drug concentrations than with Pert® (Oily/Fine) or Prell® (Normal, Normal/Oily).

Study findings in this area show mixed results, but researchers generally agree that student drug testing should not be a stand-alone strategy for reducing substance use in students and that school climate (the quality and character of school life) is an important factor for achieving success in drug prevention programs. Because there is not a clear benefit to drug testing in schools, the American Academy of Pediatrics "opposes widespread implementation of drug testing as a means of achieving substance abuse intervention. 3 Relevant studies include the following:

Drug testing athletes for steroids

drug testing athletes for steroids

Study findings in this area show mixed results, but researchers generally agree that student drug testing should not be a stand-alone strategy for reducing substance use in students and that school climate (the quality and character of school life) is an important factor for achieving success in drug prevention programs. Because there is not a clear benefit to drug testing in schools, the American Academy of Pediatrics "opposes widespread implementation of drug testing as a means of achieving substance abuse intervention. 3 Relevant studies include the following:

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