Ebert, W. und Röstel, R. und Meffert, B. und Weller, W. und Morgenstern, T. und Winkler, F. und Günther, M. und Hochmuth, O. und Kell, G. (1998) Decentralized End-Point Weighted Generalized Predictive Control of a Space Crystal Furnace. In: Computer-Intensive Methods in Control and Data Processing, Seiten 105-111. 3rd European IEEE Workshop on Computer-Intensive Methods in Control and Data Processing, Sept. 7-9, 1998, Prague. Volltext nicht online.
9. Antitoxin – An antitoxin is an antibody with the ability to neutralize a specific toxin. Antitoxins are produced by animals, plants, and bacteria. Although they are most effective in neutralizing toxins, they can kill bacteria, antitoxins are made within organisms, but can be injected into other organisms, including humans. This procedure involves injecting an animal with an amount of a particular toxin. Then, the body makes the antitoxin needed to neutralize the toxin. Later, the blood is withdrawn from the animal, when the antitoxin is obtained from the blood, it is purified and injected into a human or other animal, inducing passive immunity. To prevent serum sickness, it is often best to use antitoxin generated from the same species, antitoxins to diphtheria and tetanus toxins were produced by Emil Adolf von Behring and his colleagues from 1890 onwards. The use of diphtheria antitoxin for the treatment of diphtheria was regarded by the Lancet as the most important advance of the Century in the treatment of acute infectious disease. In 1888 Behring was sent to Berlin for a service at the Academy for Military Medicine. In 1889, he joined the Institute for Hygiene of the University of Berlin, between 1889 and 1895, Behring developed his pioneering ideas on serum therapy and his theory of antitoxins. Early 1887, in Bonn, Behring had found that the serum of tetanus-immune white rats contained a substance that neutralized anthrax bacilli and he saw this as the cause of “resistance. ”On 4 December 1890 Behring and Kitasato published their first paper on blood-serum therapy. On 11 December another report, signed by Behring, discussed the blood-serum therapy not only in the treatment of tetanus, when Paul Ehrlich, Nobel prize winner, demonstrated in 1891 that even vegetable poisons led to the formation of antitoxins in the organism, Behring’s theory was confirmed. Tetanus antitoxin is the protective antibody against Clostridium tetani, the bacterium that causes tetanus, the antibody develops after inoculation with tetanus toxin or toxoid or infection with Clostridium tetani. Tetanus antitoxin should be given to infants from 6 to 8 weeks old, two more key doses should then be given at 6 to 12 months old and a later dose at the age of 4 to 6 before entering the schooling system. Tetanus toxoid is commonly given in combination with diphtheria toxoid acellular pertussis vaccine, the vaccine provides a protection against tetanus for at least 10 years. If an individual received all five doses, it is recommended that the individual get a single booster at the age of 50, single boosters should be given if an individual has a tetanus prone wound and has not received the toxoid in the last 3 years
10 angina pectoris Angina, pectoris angioblastic meningioma Meningiom, angioblastöses angioblastoma Angioblastom angiocardiogram Angiokardiogramm angiocardiography Angiokardiographie angiocardiopathy Angiokardiopathie angiocarditis Angiokarditis angiocatheter Angiokatheter angiochondroma Angiochondrom angioedema Angioödem angiofibroma Angiofibrom angiogenesis Angiogenese angiogram Angiogramm angiography Angiographie angiokeratoma Angiokeratom angiolipoma Angiolipom angioma Angiom angioma arteriale racemosum Angioma, arteriale racemosum angioma cutis Angioma, cutis angioma serpiginosum Angioma, serpiginosum angiomatosis Angiomatose angiomyoma Angiomyom angiomyosarcoma Angiomyosarkom angioneurotic gangrene Gangrän, angioneurotisches angiopathy Angiopathie angioplasty Angioplastie angiosarcoma Angiosarkom angiosclerosis Angiosklerose angioscope Angioskop angiospasm Angiospasmus angiotensin Angiotensin angiotensin-converting enzyme Angiotensinkonversionsenzym (ACE) angiotensinogen Angiotensinogen angle of convergence Konvergenzwinkel angle of incidence Einfallswinkel angle of iris Kammerwinkel angle of refraction Brechungswinkel angstrom Angström (A) angular gyrus Gyrus, angularis angular movement Winkelbewegung anhidrosis Anhidrose anhydrase Anhydrase anhydride Anhydrid anicteric hepatitis Hepatitis, anikterische aniline Anilin anilism Anilinvergiftung anima Anima animal-assisted therapy Tiere, Therapie mit anion Anion anion exchange resin Anionenaustauschharz anise Anis aniseikonia Aniseikonie anisocoria Anisokorie anisocytosis Anisozytose anisogamete Anisagamet anisokaryosis Anisokaryose ankle clonus Fußklonus ankle joint Sprunggelenk ankyloglossia Ankyloglossie ankylosed ankylosiert ankylosing Spondylitis Spondylitis, ankylosans ankylosis Ankylose anlage Anlage annular annulär annulus Anulus anode Anode anodontia Anodontie anomaly Anomalie anomia Wortfindungsstörung anopia Anopsie anorchia Anarchie anorectal anorektal anorectal stricture Striktur, anorektale anorectic anorektisch anorexia Anorexia anorexia nervosa Anorexia, nervosa anorexiant Anorektikum, PI. Anorektika; Appetitzügler anorgasmy Anorgasmie anosigmoidoscopy Anoskopie anosmia Anosmie anosmia gustatoria Anosmia, gustatoria anosognosia Anosognosie anotia Anotie anovaginal anovaginal anovesical anovesikal anovular anovulatorisch anovular menstruation Menstruation, anovulatorische anovulation Anovulation anoxemia Anoxämie anoxia Anoxie ansa Ansa antacids Antazida antagonism Antagonismus antagonist Antagonist