The good news is that this side effect of weight gain tends to reverse when the dosage of prednisone is taken below 10 mg/day. The fluid retention and increased appetite will also decrease as the prednisone is tapered down and discontinued. Any weight gain that happened while taking prednisone, however, will not automatically reverse itself right away. Sticking to a healthful eating plan and getting regular exercise will be needed to take off the pounds. It will be easier to do both of these things when the health problem that led to the prednisone being prescribed is either resolved or under good control.
Prednisone is a drug that belongs to the corticosteroid drug class, and is an
anti-inflammatory and immune system suppressant. It's used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions, for example: inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's
disease and ulcerative colitis ), lupus , asthma , cancers , and several types of
Common side effects are weight gain , headache , fluid retention, and muscle weakness . Other effects and adverse events include glaucoma , cataracts , obesity , facial hair growth, moon face, and growth retardation in children. This medicine also causes psychiatric problems, for example: depression , insomnia , mood swings , personality changes, and psychotic behavior. Serious side effects include reactions to diabetes drugs , infections, and necrosis of the hips and joints.
Corticosteroids like prednisone, have many drug interactions ; examples include: estrogens , phenytoin ( Dilantin ), diuretics, warfarin ( Coumadin , Jantoven ), and diabetes drugs . Prednisone is available as tablets of 1, , 10, 20, and 50 mg; extended release tablets of 1, 2, and 5mg; and oral solution of 5mg/5ml. It's use during the first trimester of pregnancy may cause cleft palate . This medicine is secreted in breast milk and can cause side effects in infants who are nursing . You should not stop taking prednisone abruptly because it can cause withdrawal symptoms and adrenal failure. Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other medical professional if you have questions about beta-blockers. Talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other medical professional if you have questions about prednisone.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist. In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
During conventional pharmacologic dose corticosteroid therapy, ACTH production is inhibited with subsequent suppression of cortisol production by the adrenal cortex. Recovery time for normal HPA activity is variable depending upon the dose and duration of treatment. During this time the patient is vulnerable to any stressful situation. Although it has been shown that there is considerably less adrenal suppression following a single morning dose of prednisolone (10 mg) as opposed to a quarter of that dose administered every 6 hours, there is evidence that some suppressive effect on adrenal activity may be carried over into the following day when pharmacologic doses are used. Further, it has been shown that a single dose of certain corticosteroids will produce adrenocortical suppression for two or more days. Other corticoids, including methylprednisolone, hydrocortisone, Prednisone, and prednisolone, are considered to be short acting (producing adrenocortical suppression for 1¼ to 1½ days following a single dose) and thus are recommended for alternate day therapy.