Steroid sparing effect definition

Results from randomized controlled trials in patients with first acute renal allograft rejection episodes refractory to conventional steroid therapy have demonstrated that ATGAM, when administered in conjunction with standard therapy, yields efficacy results superior to those of standard therapy alone. One study investigated two different regimens of ATGAM; immediate and delayed therapy. Patients were enrolled at the time of first rejection episode and randomized among three treatment groups: control (no ATGAM), immediate ATGAM, and delayed ATGAM. Patients in all three treatment groups received standard rejection therapy in the form of bolus doses of Solu-Medrol®15 mg/kg/day IV, while patients in the two ATGAM groups received ATGAM therapy in addition to Solu-Medrol®. In the immediate ATGAM group, ATGAM administration started at the time of diagnosis of rejection (concurrent with standard therapy). In the delayed ATGAM group, ATGAM administration started on rejection day 4 (following the first three doses of Solu-Medrol®). Patients in both of the treated groups received from 10 to 21 doses of ATGAM. Results favored the two ATGAM groups (and particularly the immediate ATGAM group) in both outcome of first rejection and functional graft survival. The improvement in functional graft survival was statistically significant (p=). There was also a statistically significant difference in patient survival rate favoring the ATGAM-treated groups (p=).

Direct intravenous injection:
Use only methylprednisolone sodium succinate.
Reconstitute with provided diluent or add 2 ml of bacteriostatic water (with benzyl alcohol) for injection.
May be administered undiluted.
Administer directly into a vein over 3—15 minutes. Doses >= 2 mg/kg or 250 mg should be given by intermittent infusion (see below), unless the potential benefits of direct IV injection outweigh the potential risks (., life-threatening shock).
 
Intermittent intravenous infusion:
Use only methylprednisolone sodium succinate.
Dilute in D5W, % Sodium Chloride (NS), or D5NS injection. Haze may form upon dilution.
Infuse over 15—60 minutes. Large doses (., >= 500 mg) should be administered over at least 30—60 minutes.

Background: No study has clearly demonstrated the steroid-sparing effect of emollients in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). Aim: Evaluating the effect of an emollient containing oat extracts on the amount of topical corticosteroids used in infants with moderate to severe AD. Study Design: During 6 weeks, 173 infants under 12 months old treated for inflammatory lesions by moderate- and/or high-potency topical corticosteroids randomly received the emollient or not (control group). Methods: Evaluation of corticosteroid consumption by weighing the tubes, disease severity by the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis Index (SCORAD), and infants’ and parents’ quality of life by Infant’s Dermatitis Quality of Life Index and Dermatitis Family Impact scores at D0, D21 and D42. Results: Compared to the control group, the amount of moderate- and high-potency corticosteroids used in 6 weeks decreased by % (not significant) and 42% (p < ), respectively, in the emollient group. The SCORAD index, and infants’ and parents’ quality of life significantly improved (p < ) in both groups. Conclusion: The emollient treatment significantly reduced the high-potency topical corticosteroid consumption in infants with AD.

Steroid sparing effect definition

steroid sparing effect definition

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