About the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, . Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug use and addiction. The Institute carries out a large variety of programs to inform policy, improve practice, and advance addiction science. Fact sheets on the health effects of drugs and information on NIDA research and other activities can be found at , which is now compatible with your smartphone, iPad or tablet. To order publications in English or Spanish, call NIDA’s DrugPubs research dissemination center at 1-877-NIDA-NIH or 240-645-0228 (TDD) or email requests to drugpubs@ . Online ordering is available at . NIDA’s media guide can be found at /publications/media-guide/dear-journalist , and its easy-to-read website can be found at . You can follow NIDA on Twitter and Facebook .
Steroid use as a means of performance enhancing began to really take off in the 1950s and 60s, largely in thanks to the . and Soviet Union Olympic weight lifting teams. During the Cold War era the battle for supremacy was never ceasing and the same drive for supremacy shared by rivaling governments was shared by the respected athletic institutes. Although steroid use as it pertains to performance enhancing owes much of its history to weight lifting and what is often referred to as the Golden Age of bodybuilding do not be misled; steroid use has existed in many sports we know as far back as the 1970s. Even baseball which has in recent years carried the burden of the steroid hunt was ripe with anabolic steroid use as far back as the 1970s. Former MLB pitcher Tom House who pitched for three different teams in the 70s stated he knew without question every team had at least 6 pitchers using anabolic steroids during this time. Thats pitchers alone; this does not include the other 8 positions.
Not shortly after Roger Maris record was broken, another baseball player, Jason Giambi and various other athletes were either suspected of, or proven to have, taken anabolic steroids. Again, Congress convened a hearing, and just as they did the first time in 1990, they did not determine that steroids were a danger, but rather that the danger was more in protecting professional sports organizations. The updated statute has been updated to proscribe pro-hormones also The definition of an anabolic steroid as defined currently in the United States under (41)(A) is that "anabolic steroid" means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens , progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone (7).